A study on demographic and clinical profile of burn patients in a tertiary care teaching institute of north india

Mohammed Sarwar Mir., Mubashar Mashqoor Mir ., Haroon Rashid., Shaista Ganai and Tufail Ahmad

Burn injuries are one of the most devastating injuries resulting into higher morbidity and mortality rates. Higher incidence in developing countries like India is creating a formidable health problem.
Objective: To study the pattern of distribution of burn injuries in relation to various epidemiological, demographic and socio-cultural aspect.
Methods: It was a prospective 1-year study conducted in Accident and Emergency Department of Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, SKIMS, Srinagar, a tertiary care teaching centre from October 1st 2014 to September 30th 2015. The data regarding sex, age predisposition, geographical origin, mode and nature of injury were obtained. Clinical assessment was done in the form of depth and extent of injury.
Results: A total of 104 burn patients were received during the study period. Majority of the victims were females and belonged to age group 15-29 years. Most of the victims belonged to the rural areas and were from lower socio-economic strata of the society. Flame burn was commonest mode of burn. House wives were most common occupational group involved.
Conclusion: Majority of the cases were of young females belonging to the rural areas. Preventive measures should be coordinated and multidisciplinary.


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