Sociodemographic wise risk assessment of thyroid function abnormalities in guntur region: a laboratory based descriptive study

Sai Krishan K., Hidayathulla and Sarma M.B.R

Thyroid gland is an essential organ, which plays wide and vital biological roles in the body. The
thyroid hormones distress all body organs and are accountable for maintenance of homeostasis and
the body integrity. Methods: A total of 5400 individuals (77 males and 447 non pregnant women)
were involved in the study was conceded out using data retrieved from the laboratory. The variables
collected were age, gender, and thyroid function profile including T3, free T4 and TSH. Results: The
proportion of thyroid ailment is 9.7% in Guntur region. The entire hyperthyroidism in this region is
19.6% followed by subclinical hyperthyroidism 12.7% and clinical hyperthyroidism 6.87%. Thyroid
dysfunction is high in females, (8.2%) stalked by males 1.42%. In females subclinical
hypothyroidism is more (49.2%) tailed by overt hypothyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism, clinical
hypothyroidism, and clinical hyperthyroidism 11.6%, 10.3%, 7.8% and 6.3% correspondingly.

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