Skin infectious diseases pattern among patients attending king fahad hospital –al-baha saudi

Author: 
Abuobaida E. Abukhelaif., Fahad A.S AlZahrani., Hasan S. Al-Ghamdi., Faisal F. M.Alomari., Nasser S. AlGhamdi4 and Abdulaziz A. AlZahrani

Introduction: The frequency and pattern of different skin infections are influenced by many factors including overcrowded populations, low hygiene standards and climatic conditions among others.  

Objective: to determine the prevalence and pattern of skin disorders among patients attending King Fahd Hospital in Albaha, Southern Saudi  for the period of two years 2014-2016. Method:  observational, cross-sectional retrospective study was designed. Age, gender and clinical presentation were reviewed, the target population was selected by the available complete records among all patients attending dermatology clinic at KFH in Al-Baha, (total number of 1370 patients).

Results: Saudis constitute the majority of the patients (95 %); male patients with infectious skin diseases constitute (53.2%). Almost three quarters (70.0%) of the study population  were aged below 36 years; viral infections were  the most common skin disorder accounting for 70.3 % while bacterial infections constitute the least prevalence among the attendant patients (4.6%); viral warts  accounts for  the highest prevalence  (50.1%)  of the cases among our study. The prevalence is higher in male patients (53.2%)   compare female patients (46.8%) (p=<0.001), especially in cases of viral warts, herpes infection, leishmaniosis, impetigo and leprosy. The prevalence of skin infectious diseases were higher among patients below 37 years of age (61.6%) than those above the age of 37 years (38.4% (p=<0.000).

Conclusion:  Skin infectious diseases constitute major portion among other diseases, the general practitioners and family physicians at the primary health care should be able to diagnose and manage these common skin disorders.

 

Page: 
1143-1146
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