Periodontal pocket depth and salivary calcium and phosphorous levels among obese yemenis patients

Mohammed M. A. Abdullah Al-Abdaly

Background: Our study was designed to evaluate the relationship between periodontal pocket depth and salivary calcium and phosphorous among overweight and obese Yemenis living in Abha city.
Methods: This study will focus on the analysis of 450 Yemeni patients living in Abha city; 160 patients have a body mass index >30kg/m2; 120 patients had BMI ≥25-<30 kg/ m2 and 170 patients had BMI<25 Kg/ m2. All entrants’ patients in our study were subjected to periodontal examinations including as assessment of plaque index (PLI), gingival index (GI) and periodontal pocket depth (PPD). Data regarding salivary calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) levels were also collected and analyzed by ANOVA test
Results: About (75%) of patients had a BMI ≥25, and All patients had PPD more than 5mm and salivary Ca and P levels more than salivary Ca and P levels in patients with BMI ≤ 25 . There was relationship between increased BMI and increased PPD. In addition, salivary Ca and P levels were significantly and positively associated with periodontal pocket depth formation (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Among Yemenis obesity patients in Abha city, there were relationships between PPD, BMI and salivary Ca and P levels. There is dire need to additional studies to detect this correlation and social environmental factors should be evaluated.

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