Indications and findings of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in a tertiary care hospital of eastern india

Sujoy Sarkar., SudipAuddy., SnehansuShekharSamanta., MrinalKanti Roy and ArkaPravaChakraborty

Background: Gastrointestinal complaints are very much common in our daily practice. One of the primary investigations for diagnosis is upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE).
Aim: To determine the indications and findings of UGIE in a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal, India.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective record based study of adults who had an upper gastrointestinal endosc
Results: Out of 1443 patients who undergone UGIE, 57.1% was male and 42.9% was female. Most common indication was pain abdomen (77.2%). Normal UGIE was seen in 40.53% males and 58.48% females. Other findings were varices, ulcers erosions, mass lesions. Varices (47.93%) were the most common finding among patients presented with hematemesis and melena.
Conclusion: The commonest indication for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in our study was pain abdomen. Common findings were ulcers, varices erosions, apart from normal findings. Varices were most common cause of hematemesis and melena.

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