Experience of pediatric head injury in rural hospital

Nitin S. Madavi., Sandeep Iratwar., Shailendra Anjankar., Akshay Patil., Hemant Deshpande and Priti R. Desai

Introduction: The total patients of head injury 3059 patients out of which 127 patients of pediatric head injury. Pediatric trauma refers to a traumatic injury that happens to an infant, child or adolescent.

Aim: To analyze & share the experience of pediatric head injury in rural hospital in last 5 years.

Materials and Methods: In this hospital based prospective, observational study was carried out in 124
patients of the age group 0-15 years admitted to the neurosurgery department in pediatric wards of a tertiary care hospital, with a history of trauma during the period from last five years from 01/01/2012 to 22/11/2016, were included. Information was recorded in which included age, sex, details of head injury, clinical, Computerized Tomography scan and outcome of head injuries among pediatric patients.

Results: The prevalence of head injury in children up to 15 years of age in the hospital was 4.05%. Maximum head injuries were found in 1-5 year’s age group (54.5%). Road traffic accident was the most common cause of injury observed in 70 % patients.

Conclusion: was the most common type of injury found in 66.67 % patients. Conclusion: Patients with motor vehicle-related head trauma need special consideration regardless of injury severity. To bring the mortality rate down, children, especially with rural background should be made aware about the importance of strict compliance to traffic rules and regulations. One of the best ways to do it is to include road safety issues in school curriculum.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/23956429.ijcmpr20170143