An epidemiological study of morbidity status of pregnant women living In urban community of aligarh district (u. P.)

Rubi Anjum

In every society, the capabilities, income and status of women exert a powerful influence on health.
The women need to be healthy themselves to fulfill their roles as mother and household manager.
More than one third of global burden of disease for women aged 15-44 years is caused by conditions
that afflict women exclusively maternal mortality, morbidity and cervical cancer or predominantly
Anemia, STDs and breast cancer.
Global observations show that in developed regions maternal mortality ratio averages at 30 per
100,000 live births, in developing regions the figure is 480 for the same number of live births. India,
the second most populous country, has 19% women of child bearing age (15-44 years).They do not
only form a large group but they are also a vulnerable or special risk group.
India is among those countries which have a very high Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR). It was 20 per
1000 live births in 1938 and declined to 10 per 1000 live births by 1998.
There are various epidemiological factors which influence the health of expectant mothers e.g.
overcrowding, poor sanitation, low socio-economic status and illiteracy etc. These problems are very
common in developing countries like India. Keeping in view to the above factors it was decided to
conduct a survey based study on expectant mothers living in urban community of Aligarh District
(U.P.).The study was carried out on 150 eligible women and data obtained was analyzed on
percentage basis.
It was concluded from the study that Avitaminosis, Anaemia, Protozoal infection was among the
leading causes of maternal morbidity.

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