Dermatoglyphic patterns among type-2diabetic adults in North indian population

Shrivastava Roshani., Singh Taruna., Singh Amita., Singh Prabhakar., Bezbaruah NK and Mishra Anshu

Dermatoglyphics is the study of epidermal ridges and their configurations. The appearance of it is
genetically determined in every individual; as the diabetes mellitus has also a genetic background.
Aims & objectives: the aim of study is to determine the specific dermatoglyphic findings in type-2
diabetics and to know any positive co- relation of dermatoglyphic pattern with type-2 diabetes.
Material & Methods: The study was conducted in Department of Anatomy, IIMS &R, Hospital,
Lucknow; 100 type-2 diabetic patients were enrolled in the study. To record the fingertip patterns,
Modified Purvis-Smith ink method was applied. Results: The WHORLS are most common (p≤0.000,
Extremely Significant) finger print pattern in both right (52.07% males; 53.19% females) and left
(51.32% males; 51.48% females) hands in both sexes followed by loops and arches. In specific
distribution, among males Plane whorls are most common pattern in both right hand (42.60%) and
left hand (46.03%) followed by; ulnar loops in right (40.75%) and left hand (42.26 %). Among
females Ulnar Loop is most common pattern in both right (39.14%) and left hand (40.42%) followed
by; Plain Whorl in both right (38.29%) and left hand (35.31%). Conclusion: In our study, the whorls
are most common pattern in both right and left hands of both sexes in diabetic subjects followed by
loops in both hands of both sexes. However; there are several studies that show opposite results to our
study. Hence there is need to carry out further studies and larger samples should be examined in detail
to further validate the findings of this study and come to definitive conclusion.

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