Complete hemogram profile in coronary artery disease

Sankara Thiagarajan P and Balasubramaniyan S and Paari N

Introduction: Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in India. Early markers of atherosclerosis are under research. This study is an initial step to identify the importance of basic blood count parameters in relation to coronary artery disease.
Aims and Objectives: To analyze complete hemogram in patients with Coronary artery disease. Materials and Methods: The study will be conducted among the patients admitted with Coronary Artery Disease in the medical wards/CCU/ICU of RMMCH, Chidambaram. It is a prospective observational study. 50 consecutive patients admitted for coronary artery disease are included in the study. Hemogram profile is done for all the subjects which includes Hb, PCV, MCV, MCHC, MCH, WBC, RBC, Platelets and peripheral smear. Results: Anemia was found in 48% of the study population of which microcytic hypochromic anemia was the most common type. 40% of patients had leucocytosis and 8% had leucopenia. Leucocytosis was predominated by neutrophilia in 80% of those with leucocytosis. Conclusion: Anemia and leucocytosis were found to be significantly high in coronary artery disease population. Further studies are needed to evaluate the use of these parameters as risk predictors of coronary artery disease.

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