Biomedical waste management has always been a crucial step in any health care set up. Unfortunately, it has not been practiced strictly universally. But with increase in the awareness among the healthcare professionals and even the general public it is now evident that every health care set up and professionals should be aware of and practice effective biomedical waste management. This not only improves the quality of the treatment furnished but also protects the environment around us. This article has reviewed the topic of biomedical waste and its management in detail from its history till its methods. In addition, the article has also discussed about biomedical waste management in conservative dentistry and endodontics in particular also.