Background: Oral submucous fibrosis is chronic disease affecting oral cavity and pharynx because of habit of arecanut along with tobacco. The severity of the disease depends on the form, duration and frequency of the habit. But in recent days we have observed more severe form of the disease in younger age group individuals, who had the habit since one or two years and in older age group individuals less severe form of the disease. So this study was planned to correlate the etiological risk factors to the severity of clinical grading along duration and frequency of chewing habit.
Material and methodology: Clinical details were retrieved from the departmental files of 2014 to 2015. Proper evaluation of the records was done and age, gender and different habits, duration of habit in years, frequency of habit per day were recorded. The data so gathered was sorted, tabulated and subjected to statistical analysis.
Results: Out of all the 199 OSMF cases, 196 patients (98.4%) were males and 3 patients (1.6 %) were females. The minimum age reported was 19 years and maximum 70 years with a mean age of 33.28 years. 82 patients (41%) are below the age 30years, 66 patients (33%) are in the range of 31-40 years, 36 patients (18%) are in the range of 41-50 years and 15 patients (8%) are above 50 years of age. Below the age of 30 and above 51 years maximum patients (51% and 60%) had grade I OSMF, in range of 31-40 and 41-50 years maximum patients had grade I and II OSMF.
Conclusion: In the present study the frequency of the habit showed statistical significance indicating that as frequency of habit increases severity of the disease also increased. But duration and form of tobacco did not show any significance. By this we conclude that the severity of the disease more depends on the frequency of the habit.